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Multiple Choice Quiz on Kidney

This quiz is designed to assess your basic knowledge in ‘Kidney’. Questions come under ‘medium’ category. Choose the best answer from the four options given. When you've finished answering as many of the questions as you can, scroll down to the bottom of the page and check your answers by clicking ' Score'. Percentage score will be displayed along with right answers.
Kidney and nephron

1. Kidney is an excretory organ. It also performs another function of releasing the hormones.What are these hormones?
renin
calcicitrol
erythropoietin
all of these
2. Which of the following components of blood does not enter the nephron?
ions
glucose
plasma proteins
urea
3. The process that pushes out water and other dissolved materials from blood in the glomerulus is
dialysis
ultrafiltration
secretion
dialysis
4. Which of the following parts of the nephron is least permeable to water?
proximal tubule
collecting duct
ascending limbs of loop of Henle
descending limbs of loop of Henle
5. Chronic Kidney disease increase the risk of
heart attacks and strokes
skin troubles
malaria
diabetes and eye problems
6. Diuresis is the condition in which
the excretory volumes of urine increases
the kidney fail to excrete urine
the water balance of the body is disturbed
the excretory volumes of urine decreases
7. In the presence of vasopressin, the greatest fraction of filtrated water is absorbed in
loop of Henle
collecting tubule
proximal convoluted tubule
distal convoluted tubule
8. Podocytes are the cells present in
cortex of nephron
inner wall of Bowman's capsule
Outer wall of Bowman's capsule
wall of glomerular capillaries
9. Fluid within the loop of Henle is most concentrated in
ascending limb
descending limb
hairpin bend
bend between the ascending limb and the distal tubule
10. Surgical removal of both the kidneys would result in death because
water will accumulate in blood
glucose will be lost from the body
immune response will be suppressed
urea will not be excreted

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